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民国时期 中国银行员工的保健防疫往事

发布时间: 2020-04-07 信息来源:一分时时彩_一分时时彩app下载---首页_欢迎您 begin-->中国档案资讯网 【 字体:



    民国时期瘟疫频仍,多次爆发天花、霍乱、鼠疫、疟疾等重大疫情,据统计,1912年至1949年间,死亡人数超过万人的疫灾就有19次。由于当时的医疗技术不发达,人们的卫生意识淡薄,政府在医疗方面投入有限且抗疫、救灾能力薄弱,所以每次疫情的发生都给人民造成了巨大的痛苦。

    作为国内一家具有百年历史的大银行,中国银行(以下简称中行)在民国时期是如何积极预防重大疫情,加强员工卫生与健康管理,保护员工生命财产安全,以保证银行持续稳健发展的呢?笔者从当年中行创办的《中行生活》《雍言》等档案资料中寻觅到了答案。

“金融巨子”张嘉璈关注员工健康

一分时时彩    zhangjiaaoshizhongguoxiandaizhumingdejinrongjia,beiyuwei“jinrongjuzi”“zhongguoxiandaiyinxingzhifu”。1928nianzhi1935nian,tacengdanrenzhongxingzongjinglizhizhi。zaitadejijichangdaoxia,zhongxingzongguanlichuzaishanghaichuangbanleyizhenshi、huopo、qinqieweitese,zhuanmenbiaoxianzhongxingtongrengongsishenghuodeneibukanwu《zhongxingshenghuo》。gaikandiyiqichubanyu1932nian5yue,zuihouyiqichubanyu1935nian3yue,gongchukan36qi。

1932年,由中国银行总管理处创办的内部刊物《中行生活》。

    《zhongxingshenghuo》chulekandengquanguogedifen、zhixingjubanwenyuhuodongdegaojianwai,haijingchangkandengbenxinggaocengheshehuimingliudaozhongxingdeyanjianggao。1933nianzhi1934nian,zhangjiaaofutianjin、anhui、sichuan、zhongqingdengdikaochashideyanjianggaoyekandengzaizheibenkanwushang。congzhongbunankanchutaduiyuyuangongshentijiankangwentideguanzhu。

    zhangjiaaojiang“shentihao”shiweipeiyang“xinjingshen”deshouyaorenwu。zai1934nian8yue1ri《zhongxingshenghuo》kandengde《yigeqingnianxingyuanyingjuzhixingge》yiwenzhong,tatichu,yuangongmenzaibaochijiudaode(jiqinjianxinyi)detongshi,yaopeiyangzijide“xinjingshen”,baokuo: “diyishishentihao。yifenshishicaizaigongyu,zongdeyaochouchuyixieshijianlaiyundong,huodaqiu,huolvxing,huochima,huoduoyudaziranjiechu,youlezheizhongjiankangdexiuyang,jianglaibudanshentianhao,erqieduiyuzijishiyedechenggong,yeyouduodadebangzhuli。”

一分时时彩    zaizhangjiaaokanlai,lixiangdeyinxingyuangongyidingyaoyouqiangjiandetige。zai1934nian8yue1ri《zhongxingshenghuo》kandengde《ruheshiyifenshishicaixingchengwei“zuijinbu、zuiwenguzhiyinxing”》yiwenzhong,tatichu,lixiangdezhongxingyuangongchuyingjubeijianquandezhishi、daodedeguannian、huzhudejingshenwai,haiyaoyou“qiangjianzhitige。renrennengyundong,mianseguanghui,shenqianglizhuang,nengchiku”。

    zhongxinggedifen、zhixingguanlizheyejingchangqiangdiaoshentijiankangdezhongyaoxing。ruhankouzhixingxianglizhenrunshanxiwangnianqingyuangong: duodushuzengjiazhishikuochongjianwen,duoyanjiukuochongjingyanzengjinyueli,duoyundongqiangjianshentishuchangjingshen。shenyangfenxingjingliwangshijingshuo: “ruowujianquandeshenti、huopodejingshen,shiqingbingjia,jihuoshangbanyijuetuimibuzhen,yishiwujiyushi。suoyixingneiyutongrenduanliandejihui,shebeigezhongyundongqiju,tongrenbufeifenwen,jikexiangqiliyi,zhiyaoqinyulianxi,zinengfanruoweiqiang。tigejijian,zejingshenmanzu,gongzuoziranzengjin,gongsishuangfangliangyoubiyi。”

“保健规则”重视体检和疾病预防

1945年,中国银行西安分行同意甘肃肃州办事处为员工聘请特约医师的函。甘肃省档案馆藏

一分时时彩    zhongxingshifenzhongshiyuangongdebaojiangongzuo。1932nian,zhongxingzongguanlichuzongwukedegongzuozhizezhong,jiuyou“zhuyitongrenjijiazuzhiweisheng,ruzhushefangyizhenjizhongniudoudeng”“gailiangfanting”“gaijinguanxishijicesuozhiweishengyushebei”dengneirong。

    1944nian7yueqishixingde《zhongguoyinxingyuangongbaojianguize》,shidangnianzhongxingzongguanlichuzhidingdeguanyuyuangongweishengbaojianfangmianjiaoweiwanbeideguizhangzhiyi。gaiguizegong14tiao,jin2000zi。suirandangshirengchuyukangrizhanzhengshiqi,dantouguozheifenguize,yirankeyikanchuyinxingduiweishengbaojiangongzuodegaoduzhongshiheduiyuangongjiankangdeshenqieguanai。gaiguizeyouyixiasigetedian:

一分时时彩    yishibaojianduixiangbaokuoxingyuanbenrenjifumu、qizi、ernv。tamen“yuyoujibingjiubenxingteyueyishizhenzhishi,qigoufeibufendeyouxingzhifu”。

    ershiyaoqiugexingpinqingteyueyishi。

一分时时彩    sanshiyuangongbaojiancuoshizhouxiang。gaiguizecong9gefangmianmingqueleteyueyishidezeren。biru: “mianfeiweibenxingyuangongjianyantige”;“duiyugonggongweishengshangyingxingzhuyishixiang,ruyizhengyouliuxingzhiyu,huoyuangongzhonghuanyouchuanranxingzhengbingdeng,yingjishitongzhibenxing,bingjianyibiyaozhiyufang”;“teyueyishiyingguidingbenxingyuangongjiuzhenshijian,yuyoujizheng,bingyingsuishicongsufuzhen”;“teyueyishiduiyuruhezhiliao,zaikeqitongyangxiaoguoshi,yingxuanzexufeijiaolianzhifangfa”deng。

一分时时彩    sishiyaoqiuyuangongruzhiqianbixutijianhezhongshijibingyufang。rudiliutiaoguiding: “benxingyuangongduiyuteyueyishishangdingzhigexiangyufangjibingzhicuoshi,chujingdangdixingzhuguanrenyuanhuoteyueyishihezhundemianchuwai,bixuzunxing。”

组织文体活动以强健身心

一分时时彩    neishi,zhongxingweiyuangongmenzuzhilezhuduodetiyuhuodong。fanyue《zhongxingshenghuo》shangkandengde《zhongguoyinxingtongrenquanshuhuijianzhang》《huxingqiuyibuzhiguoqujiqijinkuang》《jijinxingtiyuhuizhichengli》dengwen,fanyingchuzhongxingzuzhiduogetiyushetuandeqingxing。《jinpingqiuzhanji》《minxinglanqiuduizhanshengshijiulujunzhitezai》《binxingtongrendierjieyundonghuijixiang》《shenkaibisaiwangqiuji》deng,fanyinglezhongxinggedifen、zhixingzuzhiyundonghuijicanjialanqiu、wangqiu、pingpangqiudengbisaideqingkuang。

    《zhongxingshenghuo》haibushikandengyixieyuangongtiyuduanliandexinde,qizhongbufa“jianquandejingshen,yuyujianquandeshenti;erjianquandeshiye,jianzhuyujianquanjingshenzhishang”;“ruogongyuzhixia,meiyouxiangdangdehuwaiyundongyidiaojiezhi,buzuyiduanliantipo,zhenfenjingshen”dengmiaoyu。

一分时时彩    xianfenxingshizhongxingzaikangzhanshiqiweiyizengshedeyijifenxing,zaiqichenglizhichu,jiushifenzhongshiyuangongdeshentijiankangqingkuang。gaixingchengliletongrentiyuhui,xiasheguoshudui、lanqiudui、paiqiudui、zuqiuduihepingpangqiuduideng,yaoqiu46suiyixiayuangongzhishaocanjiayigeduiwu。geduijingchangzuzhibisai,yuangongdouyongyuecanjia。geduiduizhangyoududaotongrenyundong,jizaiduiwaibisaijingguojipingshilianxidemingdan,baoguanbenduideyundongqijudengzhize。

    xinlijiankangyushentijiankangtongdengzhongyao。zai1933nian8yue1ri《zhongxingshenghuo》kandengde《huxingtongrengongyushenghuoxiezhen》yiwenzhong,jinxiaobiaotijiuduoda27ge!qizhongbaokuowanwanqiuyi、lianlianquanshu、nongnongsizhu、kankanshubao、duduyingwen、tingtingyanjiang、banbanguohuo、guanguanxuexiao、guangguanghuayuan、dangdangmalu、paipaizhaoxiang、kaikaixiahua、pengpengmaque、hehelaojiu、peipeifuren、baobaoxiaojian、jiangjiangkonghua、henghengjingdiao、chengchengfengliang、weiweihuolu、kankandianying、zhezheqizi、xiexiezihua、keketuzhang、zhongzhonghuamu、yangyangjinyu、youyongyouyong。zujiandangnianshenchufanhuadadoushishanghaidezhongxingyuangongyeyushenghuozhifengfu。

一分时时彩    shenchuxibeidiqudeqitafenxingyenuliweiyuangongzaiyeyushenghuozhongxunzhaoxiediaoji。biruxianfenxingzaizheifangmianjiuxialebushaogongfu。“benxingweitichangtongrengongyuzhengdangyuleqijian,teshezhitongrenyouyishi。”youyishifenbieshezaibangonglouhezhuzhailou,bingtigonghuodongqicai。youyishidekaifangshijianwei: jiejiarizishangwu8shiqizhixiawu9shibanzhi,pingshizixiawu6shizhi9shibanzhi。youyihuodongfenweipingjuzu、huajuzu、yinlezu、geyongzuheqiyizu,bingzhidinglehuodongdeguizeheshijian。

1944年,《雍言》上刊登的《中国银行员工保健规则》(部分)。

    yinxianfenxingzaineibubeichengwei“yongxing”,suoyiqichuangbandeneibuyuekanbeimingmingwei《yongyan》。《yongyan》jingchangkandengzhongxingxibeidiqugejigoujubanwentihuodongdebaodao。bizhexinshouzhaoluyizexiaoxi: “ganchu(jiganzhoubanshichu)tongrenyeyushenghuopobujimo。meirichenzuoqiuleihuohuabingyundong,xingqierkaiyewuyanjiutanhuahui,xingqisan、siyouliyunlaojiangjingjixue,xingqiwukaiyanjianghui,xingqirizuojiaowailvxing。jinfushangqingqibingfenxiaozhengzhibuzhurenluojunxianjiaoshouyingwen。yulejinxiu,jianeryouzhi。”

一分时时彩    ciwai,《yongyan》jihumeiqidouhuikandengyouguanjibingyufanghezhiliaodewenzhang。zai1942nianzhi1946nianjian,《yongyan》kandenglejieshaojibingyufangde《yufangfeibing》《xinghongreyufangfa》《tianhuayufangfa》dengwenzhang;jieshaojibingzhiliaode《tanfeijiehe》《tanhuoluanbing》《yakechangshi: huyajibaya》dengwenzhang;jieshaokexueyinshide《shiwujianchafa》《duochidoufudoujiang》《mantanshuiguo》《jidandeyingyangjiazhi》dengwenzhang;jieshaoweishengjiankangliniande《ertongbaojianchangshi》《riguangyurentizhigongyong》《yingyangwentizhijiantao》《xialingweisheng》《gaishanshenghuofangshi》《zhangshouyaojue(fanyi)》dengwenzhang;jieshaoyiliaoweishengdongtaide《xinlingyaopannixilin(qingmeijunsu)》《tanxueyeyinxing: xueku》dengwenzhang。

一分时时彩    zuihou,bizhejiexuanlekandengzai1944nian《yongyan》di10qide《zuixuyaodeweishengxiguan》yiwen,quanzuodangnianwenzhangzuozheliurenjiuliujijintianreaishengming、guanzhujiankangderenmendezhonggao。

最需要的卫生习惯

    jiankangweiwurenzhongshenshiyezhigenben,jibingweiqiantuzuidazhisunshi。yuanyifenshishicaitongrenchongshiweishengchangshi,yangchengweishengxiguanerhuoxiangshoujiankangxingfuzhimude。

    yi、chufangzhongyingzengsheyinshiqijuxiaoduzhishebei,jizengjiakaishuiguoyikou,tongrenwanzhuchideng,linyongqian、kaifanhoujunyingzhufeiyici,meicishifenzhong,yifangjiehejundengzhifanzhiyufuzhezhibeiganran。

    er、yinshifangfazuihaocaiyouzhongcanxifa,yijianshaobeiganranzhijihui。

    san、tongrenzhongruyouhuanchuanranbingquanyuzhe,xujingyiyuanxijunjiancha,quewuchuanrantarenweixianshifangkeruxingbangong,yimianchuanrantaren。

    …………

一分时时彩    liu、jushixiaodu。rujiazhongyouchuanranbingren,sibingyuhouxuxingxiaoduyici,huoyongyetihuoyongduqifangfa,keyaoqiuweishengshibanli,bingrensuoyongzhiyifuyongjuyiyingxiaodu。

一分时时彩    …………

一分时时彩    shi、gongyushijiantichangriguangyu,huoduojianriguangduohuanxinkongqi。

    …………

    shisan、tichanghuxiyundongyurouruanticaoyizengjintiliyuqili。

    shisi、jiazhongruyoufashaobingrenyaozhuyijiancha,ruguoxichuanranbing,yingshixinggelihuozhuyiqiyongjuyanjiaxiaodu。

    shiwu、penti、kesoudouyaoyongshoujinzhekou,tanhuabuyaojiejintarenmianbu。

一分时时彩    …………




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